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خانه » اساطیر » German and Alleman mean the assembly people (Bibeln-Quran Ada)
German and Alleman mean the assembly people (Bibeln-Quran Ada)

German and Alleman mean the assembly people (Bibeln-Quran Ada)

German and Alleman mean the assembly people (Bibeln-Quran Ada):
-ger
Proto-Indo-European root meaning “to gather”.
It forms all or part of: aggregate; aggregation; agora; agoraphobia; allegory; category; congregate; cram; egregious; gregarious; panegyric; paregoric; segregate.
It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit gramah “heap, troop;” Greek ageirein “to assemble,” agora “assembly;” Latin grex “flock, herd,” gremium “bosom, lap;” Old Church Slavonic grusti “handful,” gramota “heap;” Lithuanian gurgulys “chaos, confusion,” gurguolė “crowd, mass;” Old English crammian “press something into something else.”
all (adj./adv.)
Old English eall “every, entire, the whole quantity of” (adj.), “fully, wholly, entirely” (adv.), from Proto-Germanic *alnaz (source also of Old Frisian, Old High German al; German all, alle; Old Norse allr; Gothic alls), with no certain connection outside Germanic. As a noun, in Old English, “all that is, everything.”
Combinations with all meaning “wholly, without limit” were common in Old English (such as eall-halig “all-holy,” eall-mihtig “all-mighty”) and the method continued to form new compound words throughout the history of English. Middle English had al-wher “wherever; whenever” (early 14c.); al-soon “as soon as possible,” al-what (c. 1300) “all sorts of things, whatever.” Of the common modern phrases with it, at all “in any way” is from mid-14c., and all “and everything (else)” is from 1530s, all but “everything short of” is from 1590s. First record of all out “to one’s full powers” is 1880. All clear as a signal of “no danger” is recorded from 1902. All right, indicative of approval, is attested from 1953.
The use of a, a’ as an abbreviation of all (as in Burns’ “A Man’s a Man for A’ that”) is a modern Scottishism but has history in English to 13c.
man (n.)
Old English man, mann “human being, person (male or female); brave man, hero; servant, vassal,” from Proto-Germanic *manwaz (source also of Old Saxon, Swedish, Dutch, Old High German man, German Mann, Old Norse maðr, Danish mand, Gothic manna “man”), from PIE root *man- (1) “man.”
Plural men (German Männer) shows effects of i-mutation. Sometimes connected to root *men- (1) “to think,” which would make the ground sense of man “one who has intelligence,” but not all linguists accept this. Liberman, for instance, writes, “Most probably man ‘human being’ is a secularized divine name” from Mannus [Tacitus, “Germania,” chap. 2], “believed to be the progenitor of the human race.” Sense of “adult male” is late (c. 1000); Old English used wer and wif to distinguish the sexes, but wer began to disappear late 13c. and was replaced by man. Universal sense of the word remains in mankind and manslaughter. Similarly, Latin had homo “human being” and vir “adult male human being,” but they merged in Vulgar Latin, with homo extended to both senses. A like evolution took place in Slavic languages, and in some of them the word has narrowed to mean “husband.” PIE had two stems: *uiHro “freeman” (source of Sanskrit vira-, Lithuanian vyras, Latin vir, Old Irish fer, Gothic wair) and *hner “man,” a title more of honor than *uiHro (source of Sanskrit nar-, Armenian ayr, Welsh ner, Greek aner).
Man also was in Old English as an indefinite pronoun, “one, people, they.” The chess pieces so called from c. 1400. As an interjection of surprise or emphasis, first recorded c. 1400, but especially popular from early 20c. Man-about-town is from 1734; the Man “the boss” is from 1918. To be man or mouse “be brave or be timid” is from 1540s. Men’s Liberation first attested 1970.

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